Tag Archives: Nubra Valley Palace

Nubra Valley: The Valley of Flowers in Ladakh

It was a late evening in Leh and we thought of renting a bike for our next day ride to Hemis Monastery, to add some more thrill to our Leh Ladakh road trip. Without the second thought, we reached a bike shop and the first question bike lender asked us was – Are you going to take the bike to the Valley of flowers! We looked at each other and the quick open mouth response was, what are you saying? Are you kidding, the valley of flowers in Ladakh? Where is this and how can we reach there? He gave a smile, handed the bike and left us with all the questions unanswered. The keenness was on our head and we started exploring more from the locals. After no answer, we surfed about it further on the internet and found that he was referring to none other than the famous Nubra Valley.


Nubra Valley - The Valley of Flowers in Ladakh, India

But the question was why is this barren cold desert at 10,000 feet known as Valley of Flowers? And the answer is because the name Nubra originated from the word Ldumra which itself means Valley of flowers. So, after taking the inner line permit, visiting Hemis monastery and the local attractions like Leh Palace and other Palaces of Ladakh, we left on the second day from Leh to the Nubra valley.


Nubra Valley

Nubra Valley is one of the sub-districts of Ladakh and lies 116 kilometers from Leh. It is located on the North East side and has Diskit Village as its headquarters. The valley can be reached from Leh by crossing the highest motorable road and the Khardung La lying at an 18,380 feet altitude, in just 5-6 hours.

Dunes at Hunder in Nubra Valley

The route for Nubra Valley:

Leh – South Pullu- KahardongLa (40 km) – North Pullu (15 km)- Khalsar (40 km) – Diskit (22 km) – Hunder (12 km)

The Nubra valley was once the important part of the traditional silk route and now it is well known by the famous Siachen Glacier. It is a sensitive and border zone and has been opened to the public only in 2010.

As, we crossed the snow-capped peaks of Khardongla and moved towards North Pullu, the shades and artistic landscapes of valley left us stunned. The landscapes of Nubra valley are truly bewitching. There are huge barren shaded mountains, dozing valleys, and partially inhabited borderlands with the musical Shyok River (a tributary of Indus River) flowing in between the desert.  Roads are unnoticeable from a distance and some are even unmarked on the Google map. The clouds float in the deep blue sky giving the whole valley a miraculous look.

Nubra Valley

The distant hamlets in between the valley have beautiful patchwork fields of polar, barley, mustard, and pea; along the river and in between houses giving the green and yellow shading to the barren valley. There are apricot and almond plantations too, which during the bloom might leave the valley truly vibrant and magical. In fact, it is one of the greenest valleys of Ladakh and is also known as the Food Bowl of Ladakh.

There are plenty of mud and stone houses, with few pukka houses in the in-between village. The stupas, monasteries, Mani stone walls, and Tibetan flags reflect the typical Tibetan Buddhist culture. The people of Nubra valley have distinct Ladakhi features and are quite humble and friendly.


Best time to Visit Nubra Valley

Nubra valley usually closes down from November to April. The peak tourist seasons are May to August. Whereas in September and October, there are fewer tourists but the chill starts biting the valley.

Expected Temperature

In summers i.e. from May to July – temperature varies between 8 to 20 degree Celsius whereas August is considered to be the monsoon season, so rains can bring the temperature really down too. Despite days being hotter, nights are bit cooler and pleasant in the valley.

Winters in Nubra valley are really cold and dry. They last from November till April and the temperature vary between -4 to -24 degree Celsius.


Charms of the Nubra Valley

  1. Diskit Village

Diskit is the administrative center of Nubra valley and lies 116 km from Leh on the Shyok River. As we approached the Diskit village, the vibes of Tibetan culture and serenity in the wild engulfed us. The village seemed like a commercial hub of the whole valley. The village is well known for its dramatically positioned 15th century Diskit Monastery and 32 meters tall Maitreya Buddha statue.

Diskit Monastery, Nubra Valley
Diskit Monastery, Nubra Valley

Diskit Monastery can be reached by driving or by walking along with the Mani stones and white chortens. But we preferred driving only, as we were in short of time and it was too hot. Entrance Fee: Rs 30/- and timings are from 7 am-1 pm and from 2 pm -7 pm.

Maitreya Buddha Statue, Nubra Valley
Maitreya Buddha Statue, Nubra Valley

The 32-meter high statue, placed on the hillock is a standing glory and the perfect example of skilled craftsmanship. The Maitreya Buddha statue faces down the Shyok River, facing towards Pakistan. The statue is a symbol of protection of Diskit Village, prevention of further war with Pakistan and to promote world peace.

Close to the monastery is also Lachung temple, the oldest temple of Nubra Valley.

  1. Reflections of the Nubra Valley

Just as we left further towards the Hunder Village, there was something more holding or captivating than the barren landscapes and wide valleys. And it was the reflections of these majestic peaks with the clouds hovering in the deep blue sky and wild horses gazing around.


  1. Sand Dunes, Bactrian Camels, Seabuckthorn forests and Silhouette shots of Nubra Valley

Just a few kilometers ahead, we saw another astounding face of the valley. The barren landscapes were taken away by the Rocky Mountains on one side and grayish-white sand dunes on another extending in kilometers till Village Hunder. The patterns of these sand dunes seemed bizarre and ever-changing. So, Hunder is all about the white cold desert. And if there is a desert there have to be camels too. But what is so special about these camels?

Sand Dunes at Nubra Valley
Sand Dunes at Nubra Valley

In Hunder, there are double-humped Bactrian camels, which apart from here are only found in Kazakhstan and Afghanistan. These camels can be seen in the dunes between 9 am -12 pm; 3 pm -7 pm or grazing in the nearby sea buckthorn forests. The Bactrian camels including their children are tagged for reference and tourism purposes. One can opt for Safari on these during the mentioned hours by just paying Rs.300/- per person.  We didn’t feel like going ahead with it as we were more interested in admiring the valley and taking the silhouette images.

Double Humped Bactrian Camel, Nubra Valley
Double Humped Bactrian Camel, Nubra Valley
  1. Mani stone walls of Hunder Village

At village Hunder, there is a small roadside monastery known as Chamba. Just from there opposite of the Gompa, runs along Mani stone wall extending to the hills. Follow it clockwise and you will run to the watchtower on the height giving some terrific views.

Mani Stone wall at Hunder Village, Nubra Valley
Mani Stonewall at Hunder Village
  1. The last Village – Turtuk

Turtuk, predominantly a Muslim Village lies 90 km ahead of Hunder and is the last outpost in India. The roads to Turtuk are well paved and it can be done as a day trip. The village is a virgin and an apt place to interact with the Balti community of Ladakh.

Turtuk Village, Nubra Valley
Turtuk Village, Nubra Valley (Source: BBC.com)

Nubra Valley Hotels / Accommodation

There are multiple homestays, guest houses, camps and resorts at Diskit and Hunder for the stay. We opt to stay at Hunder with the Apple Cottage resort. The resort had multiple tents among the apple orchards. Remember to negotiate, the pricing for these cottages varies with season.

Apple Cottage Resort, Hunder Village in Nubra Valley
Apple Cottage Resort, Hunder Village

Points to Remember while traveling to Nubra Valley

  1. Inner Line permit is required for traveling to Nubra Valley. Click the link to read about it.
  2. Days are really hot in Nubra but evenings are still cooler. So, one needs a thin jacket for the evenings.
  3. Remember to cross the Mani stones always in the clockwise direction.
  4. Try to visit Pangong Tso, after Nubra Valley as it helps in better acclimatization.
  5. Follow the paths carefully while diversion from Khalsar; otherwise, you may enter the army bases as we did by mistake.
  6. Carry enough cash as there are no ATM’s.
  7. Only postpaid BSNL connections work in the Nubra Valley.

Note:  Apart from this, there are few more accessible areas and places to visit in Nubra Valley like Sumur, Hot springs at Panamik, Yarab Tso, Samstanling Monastery, Zamskhang Palace, and Terisha Tso.

You might be interested in checking our other series of Ladakh too:

A day at White Lake Tso Kar in Ladakh

Attractions on the Srinagar Leh Highway

Ladakh-The land of High Passes

All you need to know about Leh Ladakh Inner Line Permit

6 must-visit Leh Ladakh Palaces before they disappear

A Walk with Indian Soldier at Kargil War Memorial

Leh Ladakh Road trip from Delhi – 13 days itinerary

Story of Gata Loops

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Hemis Monastery: Biggest & Wealthiest Gompa in Ladakh

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6 must visit Leh Ladakh Palaces before they disappear

Leh Ladakh, the Land of Passes is known for its mesmerizing landscapes, tranquil monasteries, Buddhism, rich culture, and calmness. Despite being a high-altitude desert the place has amazing architecture and grand Palaces. We all know about the famous palaces and forts of Rajasthan but very little is known about the Leh Ladakh Palaces. Recently on our Leh Ladakh road trip from Delhi, we got the chance to explore some of the amazing Castles.

6 must visit Leh Ladakh Palaces before they disappear

The Leh Ladakh palaces are centuries-old architecture marvels, situated on the hilltop hidden from the rest of the world. From their construct and scale, we could very well guess that these Leh Ladakh Palaces might have been majestic during their time and now only their ruins and rubbles exist. The so condition can be the result of extremely harsh weather, natural forces, vandalism, violent events, and other heart-wrenching destructions. We really suggest you check out these 6 Leh Ladakh Palaces on your Leh Ladakh trip; before they or their ruins completely disappear.

Leh Ladakh Palaces

1. Chiktan Palace/ Chiktan Khar

Built-in: 16th century

No. of Stories: 9

Location: 75 km from the Kargil town on Srinagar – Leh highway, 12 km inside from the diversion.


Entry Fee: Free

Reached by: Car and few stairs

Chiktan Palace -6 must visit Leh Ladakh PalacesRuins of Chiktan Palace/ Chiktan Khar on the hilltop

The Chiktan Palace or Khar (Khar means Palace), is one of the masterpieces of Leh Ladakh Palaces. It is believed to be a cousin and taller than the Leh Palace. Khar is located deep in the valley on the barren huge rock along the river Indus. The construction was done using rammed earth, mud, stone masonry and timber on the designs of architect Shinkhen Chandan but now only the ruins exist. Once the Palace had a rotating room which used to rotate itself with the airflow. There too was an underground tunnel meant for taking water to the Palace from the spring located at foothill.

Chiktan Palace - 6 must visit Leh Ladakh Palaces
Close-up of Chiktan Khar Source

The Palace was initiated by Baltistan King Tahtah Khan in the 8th century but he died before completing it. Later it was completed by King Tsering Malik in the 16th century. The Dogra King of Jammu couldn’t see the growing popularity of King in the area, so he planned and attacked the castle.

The Chiktan Palace was attacked several times but it stood intact until the 19th century; representing a symbol of unity and strength. In the 20th century, the government allotted money to the Royal family of Chiktan to construct government hospital at Chiktan Village but they planned to save the allotted money; instead removed bricks and wood from the Palace walls for construction. Seeing this, villagers too started removing the left wood and bricks for their personal use. Today, the palace is in a state of massive decay and what is left as ruins is because of the false stories spread about ghosts.

Chiktan Palace : 6 must visit Leh Ladakh Palaces before they disappear
First view of ruins of Chiktan Palace from Chiktan Village

At Chiktan, there is a Polo ground (known as Shagaran) where horse polo used to be played and is still played on special occasions.

2.Leh Palace 

Built-in: 17th century

Stories: 9

Location: On Hilltop overlooking the Leh city, 2 km from the main Leh market

Entry Fee: Rs 15 per person and Rs 25 for Camera

Reached by: Car or hike from Leh Palace

The Leh Palace dominates the city from the hilltop and is the highlighted structure of the heritage town, Leh. The Palace is intact but in the dilapidated condition. The continuous restoration work here is controlled by the ASI – Archaeological Survey of India. The Palace is made up of mud bricks, mortar, wood and the ceilings are supported by wooden rafters. The Leh Palace too is built on the designs of architecture Chandan, who constructed the Chiktan Palace. The highlighted architecture of Leh Palace is its buttressed walls and overhanging balconies from where one gets the panoramic views of the whole city. On looking down from the terrace, we saw how well the monotone houses are packed together in the Leh city, completely camouflaging against the backdrop mountain.

Leh Palace: 6 must visit Leh Ladakh Palaces before they disappear
Evening view of Leh Palace

The Leh Palace was built by King Sengge Namgyal; 5th King of Ladakh in the 17th century as his own residence. The Royal family occupied upper floors for their own living whereas lower floors were used as storerooms and stables.  In the 19th century, the Dogra King took over the control of Ladakh and moved the royal family to Stok Palace. Today the rooms and corridors of Palace have been converted into a museum; housing paintings, and photographs. The Palace too has a temple inside, which houses the statue of Lord Buddha and other deities. Years old religious texts too are kept here in a well-preserved manner.

Overhanging Balconies in Leh Palace: 6 must visit Leh Ladakh Palaces, before they disappear
Overhanging Balconies in Leh Palace

From the third and fourth floor onwards; in front, one can see the Polo ground which is now a Leh’s taxi stand. Read the complete post on Leh Palace here. 

3.Castle Tsemo Namgyal

Built-in: 16th century

Stories: 9

Location: Lies on the Namgyal hilltop above Leh Palace and can be seen from everywhere in Leh

Reached by: Car, staircase from Chubi, or steep hike from the Leh Palace

Tsemo castle: 6 must visit Leh ladakh Palaces, before they disappear
Way for a hike to Tsemo Castle from Leh Palace

The Castle Tsemo Namgyal was built by King Tashi Namgyal on the hilltop. The Palace offers 360-degree views of the Leh city and the prayer flags on the top flutter in the full swing which is a delight to eyes and ears. Here, only the part of the castle, watchtower, and wooden balcony is intact, rest is completely devastated.

View of ruins of Tsemo Castle and Tsemo Monsatery from eight floor of Leh Palace: 6 must visit Leh ladakh Palaces
View of ruins of Tsemo Castle and Tsemo Monastery from eight floors of Leh Palace

Near to it is the Tsemo Namgyal monastery built in the 14th century. It houses a three-story high gold statue of Maitreya Buddha and various manuscripts.

4. Shey Palace

Built-in: 17th century

Stories: 3

Location: On Hillock Shey, overlooking the Shey Village. 13 km from the Leh city on Manali – Leh highway;


Entry Fee: Rs 20 per person

Reached by: Climbing a trail and few stairs; moderate level

The Shey Palace was the summer capital of the medieval Ladakh region. It is located on the hilltop beside the Indus River and one needs to climbs a trail and few stairs to reach the palace.  The Palace is intact and is maintained by ASI but the fortress ahead to it is a complete wreck. The Palace is made of mud, mortar, and wood, with the overhanging balconies.

Shey Palace: 6 must visit Leh Ladakh Palaces before they disappear
Shey Palace

Shey Palace and the Shey monastery were built by Deldan Namgyal, the 6th king of Ladakh in memory of his father Sengge Namgyal (Leh Palace). In the 19th century, when the Dogra King invaded Ladakh, the royal family left this Palace too along with Leh Palace and moved to Stok Palace. The Palace has the largest Namgyal Chorten which is the Victory Stupa of Ladakh and its top of which is made of gold.

Shey Palace and ruins of Fortress from village Shey : 6 must visit Leh Ladakh Palace before they disappear
Shey Palace and ruins of Fortress from village Shey

The fortress above the Palace is believed to be the capital Fort during the 10th century and it was established by the descendants of Nima-gon, the ruling dynasty of Tibet.

Shey Palace and Fortress: 6 must visit Leh Ladakh Palaces, before they disappear
Shey Palace and Ruins of Fortress

The Shey Monastery houses a 7.5-meter high statue of Lord Buddha Sakyamuni which is gold plated and studded with precious gems. The lamp lit in front of the statue is believed to hold enough butter, to keep it lit for a year.

Shakyamuni Lord Buddha at Shey monastery: 6 must visit Leh Ladakh Palaces before they disappear
Shakyamuni Lord Buddha at Shey monastery

5. Stok Palace

Built-in: 19th century

Stories: 4

Location: 15 km away from Leh city on the Stok road.


Entry Fee: 50 Rs.

Reached by: Car

The Stok Palace is the last Palace of Kings of Ladakh and is the present residence of the former royal family of Ladakh. The Palace has 77 rooms, overhanging balconies, beautiful gardens, and a library that have 108 volumes of the Kangyur (Teachings of Lord Buddha). The part of the Palace has been converted into a heritage hotel.

Stok Palace: 6 must visit Leh Ladakh Palaces before they disappear
Stok Palace

The Stok Palace was built by King Teswang Tundup Namgyal in 1825 and the last king of Ladakh died here in 1974. A part of the Palace is a living museum that includes Kings Room, Queen’s room, Palace Gompa and traditional Kitchen and is open to the visitors for fixed hours. The King’s room has a crown, silver chortens, Chestnut coins, and the beautiful traditional Thangkas. The Queens Room has a crown, beautifully studded headdress of Queen known as Perak, and the necklace of Balti Princess Gyal Khatun. In Ladakhi Kitchen there are traditional utensils, clay pots and low height tables for dining. The Palace Gompa contains some ritual dance masks and Frescoes. The Stok Palace has a huge open courtyard and a rooftop cafeteria offering splendid valley views to the visitors.

Artifact at Stok Museum (used to carry Wine): 6 must visit Leh Ladakh Palaces
Artifact at Stok Museum (used to carry Wine)

The Stol Palace hosts the annual dance festival “Stok Guru Tseshu” every year in December – January.

6. Zamskhang Palace in Nubra Valley

Built-in: 17th century (According to locals but not much is known about it)

Stories: 3

Location: On the hilltop

Reached by: Trek from Tegar Village near Sumoor in Nubra Valley

The Zamskhang Palace, not known to many is another example of excellent architecture and one of the beautiful Leh Ladakh Palaces. The Palace was the former residence of Kings of Nubra. It is built with mud, stone, and mortar and has a huge open terrace. Today, the Palace and Stupas from the outside look in complete disrepair and ruin state. Only the Prayer room is intact which is adorned with several paintings, Thangkas, and the sculptures.

Zamskhang Palace: 6 must visit Leh Ladakh Palaces before they disappear
Ruins of Zamskhang Palace

The mountain ranges of Nubra Valley were pit stops of the Silk Road trade route. So, the Palace used to house the pilgrims and traders who in return left the clay artifacts. These artifacts are housed inside and around the Chortens and Stupas. Inside the Palace, there are beautiful frescoes and paintings, which have still retained their beauty.

Sculpture in Prayer room of Zamskhang Palace: 6 must visit Palaces before they disappear
Sculpture in the Prayer Room of Zamskhang Palace  (Source)

We must say these Leh Ladakh Palaces might have been timeless beauties and would have stood high in the past but who could fight against the mother nature and natural forces. These Palaces completely depict the histories of kingdoms lost forever. So, these Leh Ladakh Palaces and their ruins are a must-visit on the Leh Ladakh trip before they completely disappear.

You might be interested in checking out other posts from Leh Ladakh

Leh Ladakh Road trip from Delhi

A walk with Indian soldier at Kargil War Memorial

Nubra Valley: The Valley of Flowers in Ladakh

A day at White Lake Tso Kar in Ladakh

Attractions on the Srinagar Leh Highway

Ladakh-The land of High Passes

All you need to know about Leh Ladakh Inner Line Permit

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